Prostate – the important tasks of the male organ

For many men, the prostate is a mystery. Only when it causes problems does this male organ receive attention. Do you actually know what the prostate does and why it is so important?

A laughing boy hugs an older man with a healthy prostate

What is the prostate and what are its functions?

The prostate belongs to the internal male sex organs such as the testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles and smaller glands around the urethra. It is also called the prostate gland and produces part of the seminal fluid. In a healthy man, the prostate is about the size of a walnut. The prostate lies between the bladder and the pelvic floor and in front of the rectum. The lower part of the prostate is attached to the pubic bone.

The prostate is involved in the formation of sperm for ejaculation and also in the man’s hormone metabolism. It begins to function at the onset of puberty and produces part of the seminal fluid under the influence of male sex hormones. This prostate secretion makes up to 30% of the sperm and is important for sperm motility.

The male sex hormones are also called androgens. They ensure that the prostate remains functional. One of the most important sex hormones in men is testosterone. It is produced in the testicles and converted into its most biologically active form in the prostate.

Due to its anatomy and position on the bladder neck, it supports the closure of the bladder during both urination and ejaculation.

How is the prostate involved in the hormonal cycle?

The male sex hormones are called androgens. The main hormone testosterone is produced from cholesterol via intermediate stages in the Leydig’s intermediate cells of the testicles. From there they enter the bloodstream and attach to many parts of the body. For example, they influence the function of the prostate and stimulate it to produce secretions. They are also responsible for beard growth and muscle development. In the brain they are responsible for the libido or sex drive.

What diseases occur in connection with the prostate?

The most common symptoms of prostate problems are problems with urination or sexual function. The most common causes:

  • Prostate enlargement: This benign enlargement of the prostate is referred to as benign prostate syndrome (BPS) in connection with urinary symptoms.
  • Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
  • Prostate carcinoma (prostate cancer)

These diseases can have the following symptoms:

  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Painful or disturbed bladder emptying
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blood in urine

When should you have your prostate examined?

If men notice such symptoms, they should see a doctor immediately. A prostate examination is carried out, for example, by means of a simple palpation or a transrectal ultrasound examination.

In principle, men should have their prostate examined annually from the age of 45 as part of a health check. Another test to detect prostate cancer at an early stage is the PSA test, which is not part of the statutory screening program and must therefore be paid for by the patient.

Man seeing a doctor for a prostate examination

How can diseases of the prostate be prevented?

Diseases such as prostate cancer or prostatitis can be prevented with a healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle. There are also high-quality phytopreparations such as ProstaSol™ from medpro. These purely herbal preparations can support prostate health particularly well with eight unique medicinal plants. The bioactive ingredients include a unique combination of plant sterols, patented curcuminoid complexes, Linum Life®, a secondary plant substance that can support hormone regulation, and quercetin, a flavonoid that is said to act as an excellent antioxidant. Together with reishi and much more, these ingredients are specifically aimed at prostate health. Would you like more information? Then get in touch with us! Our network of doctors and therapists will be happy to help you.

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